Effect of Supplementing Tamarind Seed Husk in Ration on Productive Performance of Fattening Dairy Steer

Somjit Thanomwongwatatana

Abstrak


This  study  aimed  to  investigate  nutrient  composition  and  effects  of  tamarind  seed husk  (TSH)  in  rations  onproductive  performance  of  fattening  dairy  steers.The  TSH  samples from tamarind starch factory were examinednutritional compositions by the proximate analysis and  detergent  method  while  the  bomb  calorimeter  was  used  to  determine  gross  energy.    The results  showed  crude  protein(CP),  fat,  crude  fibers(CF),  nitrogen  free  extract  (NFE),  ash, neutral detergent fiber (NDF), acid detergent fiber (ADF) and gross energy(GE) at 7.23, 0.74, 20.87, 57.44, 1.35, 29.15, 34.74% dry matter and 4,200 Kcal/kg, respectively.  For astudy on effects of TSH in rations on productive performance of fattening dairy steers, 20 at least 87.5% of crossbred Holstein-Friesian steers were divided into 5 groups (block).  Steers in each group were fed  with rations supplemented  with 4 various levels of TSH: 0,2,5, 5.0 and 7.5% at the ratio of 2% of body weight.  Steers were allowed straw and water ad libitum.  The data were analyzed  by  the  randomizedcomplete  block  design.    No  significant  differences  were  found among  treatments  (P>0.05).    The  growth  rates  were  averaged  at  1.16,  1.10,  1.09  and  1.20 kg/steer/day.  The feed conversion rates were 6.93, 7.48, 7.76 and 7.47, and the average feed costs per 1 kg of weight gain were 61.02, 61.54, 64.64, and 59.53 baht, respectively.  It can be concluded that the supplementation of TSH at 0-7.5% in steer rations seems to be practical at the farm.


Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


. Angkana Hanbanjong and Duangsamorn Sinjermsiri. 1989. Analysis and Quality of AnimalFeeds. Department of Animal Science, Kasetsart University, Bangkok. 235p.

. AOAC. 2005. Official Method of Analysis Chemists International, Maryland, USA.

. Barry, T. N., T. R. Manley and S. J. Duncan. 1986. The role of condensed tannins in the nutritional value of Lotus pedunculatus for sheep. 4. Sites of carbohydrate and protein digestion as influenced by dietary reactive tannin concentration. British Journal of Nutrition 55: 123–137

. Benjamas, J., Maitree, S., Piyanit, Ch., Prapairat, S., and Sujint, A.,nguravirutt . 2014.Biochemical characterization of antioxidants in tamarind seeds and products. Research Report.Pharmacology School of Science Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima, 93 p

. Bhatta, R.., U. Krishnamoorthy., F. Mohammed., R. Bhattaa., U. Krishnamoorthy and F. Mohammed. 2000. Effect of feeding tamarind

. Bhatta R., U. Krishnamoorthyand F. Mohammed. 2001. Effect of feeding tamarind

. Bunglavan, S. J. and N. Dutta. 2013. Use of Tannins as Organic Protectants of Proteins in Digestion of Ruminants. Journalof Livestock Science 4:67-77

. Chauwalit P., S. Koonawootrittriron, T. Suwanasopee , M. A. Elzo, J. Khemsawatand D.

Jattawa. 2016. A comparative study of carcass yields and quality between fattening Charolais

crossbred and Holstein crossbred steers. KHON KAEN AGR. J. SUPPL. 44 (

. Maiti, R., J. D., U. Das and D, Ghosh. 2004. Antidiabetic effect of aqueous extract of seed of Tamarindus indica in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Journal of Ethanopharmacology.92: 85–91

. Monchai Duangjinda. 2001.SAS Application for Animal Research Analysis. Animal Science Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen. 313 p.

. Office of Agricultural Economics Research. 2017. Situations of Agricultural Commodities and Their Trends in B.E. 2560. Office of Agricultural Economics Research. Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperative, Bangkok.

. RALF, P., O. Bellmann., C. Kuhn., F. Teuscher., K. Ender and J. Wegner. 2007. Beef versus dairy cattle: a comparison of feed conversion, carcass composition, and meat quality. ArchivTierzucht Dummerstorf 50

. Somjit Th. 2001. Dairy Production. Rajamangala Institute of Technology, Nakorn Srithammarat Campus, Nakorn Srithammarat. 435 p.

. Warinthorn Maneerat. 2008. Influences of Breeds on Productive Performance, Carcass Quality and Economics Returns in Fatting Cattle. Master Degree Thesis in Science, Kasetsart University, Bangkok.

. Williams, J.T., R.W. Smith., N.Haq. and Z.Dunsiger. 2000. Tamarind Tamarindus indica L. RPM Print and Design. W. Sussex. 188 p.


Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.