Morphology Characterizaton of Trichoderma sp. Isolate from Three Regencies in Maluku

Aurellia Tatipata

Abstrak


Maluku  consists  of  many  islands  in  nine  districts.  The  purpose  of  this  study  was  to characterize the morphology of Trichoderma isolates from Maluku. The study was conducted in  the  Seed  Science  and  Technology  laboratory  of  the  Agriculture  Faculty  of  Pattimura University  from  March  to  July  2018  using  six  isolates  of Trichoderma results  of  isolation  of explored  samples  from  banana,  coconut, cocoa,  corn  rhizosphere  in  three  districts  in  Maluku. Macroscopic  characterization  was  observed  in  colony  color  and  diameter  variables,  and microscopic characteristics included conidiosfor and fialid lengths and conidial diameters. The results showed that the color and diameter of the colony and the length of conidiosfor and fialid and  conidia  diameter  of  the  six  isolates  from  Rumakai  and  Nurue  villages  in  West  Seram regency,  Ambon,  Central  Maluku  district  and  Kisar  island,  West  Seram  district,  respectively green and  white, 70.70  mm, 35.37 mm, 9.51 µm, 4.80 µm; dark green, light green  and white, 76.47 mm, 9.82 µm, 2.42 µm, 2.78 µm; light green and white, 71.22 mm, 29.32 µm, 2.69 µm, 7.46 µm; dark green and white, 69.68 mm, 21.61µm, 1.91 µm, 3.15 µm; light green and white, 71.89 mm, 30.02 μm, 2.44 µm, 10.32 µm; light green and white, 70.74 mm, 63.31µm, 4.11 µm, 6.52 µm. The conclusion of the study is that the macroscopic characteristics are relatively the same, but microscopically are different.

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Referensi


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