The Development Of Plant Livestock Integration Model at People S Coffee Plantation In Kemiri Village, Panti District, JemberRegency

Hidayat Bambang Setyawan

Abstrak


At Kemiri village, Panti District, Jember County, coffee planters have conducted the plant-livestock  integration,  i.e  : livestock,  coffee  crop,  swings  crop,  forage  crop,  soil  cover crop,  food  crop,  horticulture,  goat  and  sheep.  Till  now,  their  income  still  enough,  but  the variation  of land size owned cause there  was variation of their  income/year. Even on same land size, sometime there  was variation  of income caused  by  the composition  of all kind of crops  and  livestock  bredded.  This  condition  indicates  that  in  general  they  worked  not  in optimum  level.  It  requires  a  research  for  knowing  optimum  level  at  three  groups  of  planter based  on  land  size  owned.  The  approach  used  is  Goal  Programming  (GP)  with  objective function  minimized  all  of  targets  deviation.  These  targets  are  :  total  revenue  yielded  from plant-livestock integration, profit from livestock bredded, livestock population growth,  number of  livestock  bredded,  number  of  swings  crop  and  forage  crop,  total  revenue  from food  crop (rice  and  corn),  and  livestock  dirt.  The  resource  constraints  are  :  distance  between  coffee crops,  land  size,  ratio  of  swings  crop  and  coffee  crop. There  were  six  plant-livestock integration models had been resulted (summarized on Table-1 and Table-2). The conclusion shows that : there was a positive linear relationship between land size and total revenue. The suggestions are : all of stakeholders have to conduct a training and counselling for all coffee planters, concerning to work optimally, specially for planters which on sub optimum position, while the super optimum planter could be the benchmark for other planters.

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


Anonimg, www//F:/wac-taa042312.plp.html., accessed on February, 5, 2013.

Anonimh, Agroforestry :http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agroforestry, accessed on March, 7,

2003.

Bernard,H Russel, 1994, Research Methods in Anthropology, Qualitative and Quantitative Approach. Second Edition. SAGE Publications. International Education and Proffesional Publisher, Thousand Oaks, London New Delhi, 585 pages.

C.Miller, Delbert, 1977. Handbook of Research Design and Social Mesurement Fourth

Edition. Longman, New York & London, 678 pages

Camm, Jeffrey, D., and James R. Evans, 2006, Management Sciense, Modeling, Analysis and Interpretation, South Western College Publishing, ITP.

Caswell, Fred, 1999. Succes in Statistics, 3rd Edition. John Murray Ltd, 50 Albemarle Street

London WIX 4BD, 374 pages.

Charnes, A., and W.W Cooper, 2004, Management Models nad Industrial Applications of

Linear Programming, NewYork: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Cochran, W.G. 1963. Sampling Techniques, Second Edition, The Wiley International

Edition, John Wiley & Sons Inc. New York, London. Sydney, 413 pages.

Cohen, Louis and Michael Holliday, 1984. Statistics For Social Science an Introductory

Text with Computer Program in Basic. Harper & Row, Publishers London,

382 pages.

Devendra.C. Goats, 1999, Challenges for Increased Productivity and Improvedlivelihoods. Http://www.ilri.org/infoserv/Webpub/fulldocs/Outlk2840/Goats.html., 24 pages accessed on October, 30, 2012.

Fisdiana, Usken dan Ujang Setyoko, 2013, Diversifikasi Horizontal Perkebunan Kopi Rakyat dan Tanaman Lada di Kecamatan Silo Kabupaten Jember. Politeknik Pertanian Jember.

Frankfort, Chava- Nachmias David Nachmias, 1997. Research Methods in The Social

Sciences Fifth Edition. St Martin’s Press Inc. London, New York, 600 pages. Gould, Floyd Jerome, C. P. Schmidt and G.D Eppen, 1993, Introductory Management

Science, Fourth Edition, Prentice Hall, Engelwood Cliff, New Jersey.

Hasnudi, Sayed Umar dan Iskandar Sembiring. (2004). Kumpulan Konsep Sumbang saran Untuk Kemajuan Dunia Peternakan di Indonesia Universitas Sumatera utara- e-USU Repository @ 2004 Universitas Sumatera Utara . 28 pages.

Ignizio, J. P., 2006, Goal Programming and Extensions, Lexington Mass : D.C. Heath and

Company.

Ijiri, Y., 2005, Management Goals and Accounting for Control, Chicago: Rand Mc Nally

Company.

Lee, S. M., 2002, Goal Programming for Decision Analysis, Philadelphia : Auerbach

Publisher, Inc.

Kana Hau, D., Medo Kote, H.Luntungan, Dwi Pryanto, Rudy Cahyoutomo, 2007, Pengajian Pengembangan Teknologi Konservasi Lahan Untuk Peningkatan hasil Usahatani di Lahan Kering Kabupaten Ende. Balai Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian NTT. Balai besar Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian Departemen Pertanian.

Karim, Abubakar, 2012. Pengembangan Ekonomi Lokal melalui Revitalisasi Kebun Kopi Rakyat Di Dataran Tinggi Gayo ( Bagian Paper pada Festival Internasional Panen Raya Kopi Gayo, Simpang Tige Redelong, Bener Meriah 28-29 April 2012, 19 pages.

Kasryno,F dan Pasandaran, E, 2004. Reposisi Padi dan Beras dalam Perekonomian

Indonesia. Jakarta. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian.

Kitalyi Aichi Cs., 2006. Working Paper : The Role Livestock in integrated land manajement, RELMA’s experience in Eastern and Southern Afrika. World Agroforestry Centre Transforming and Landscape, Nairobi Kenya East Africa,

15 pages.

Krisfianti Ginoga Cs., 2002. Working Paper : Potential of Agroforestry and Plantation System in Indonesia for carbon stocks: an Economic Perspective Working paper CC14. ACIAR Project ASEM 2002/066, 23 pages.

Kumar, Ranjit, 1999. Reseach Methodology. A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginner SAGE Publications London, Thousand Oaks. New Delhi, 276 pages.

Kusnadi, and Uka, 2008. Inovasi Teknologi Peternakan Dalam Sistem Integrasi Tanaman- Ternak Untuk Swasembada Daging Sapi. Pusat Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Peternakan Jl Raya Pajajaran Kav E-59 Bogor 16143, 17 pages.

March, J. G., and H.A Simon, 2008, Organizations, New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Markland, Robert E., 2003, Topics in Management Science, Seventh Edition, John Wiley

and Sons, New York.

Michon G. F Mary, J Bombard, 1986. Multistoried agroforestry garden system in West

Sumatera, Indonesia, 24 pages.

Moyser, George and Margaret Wagstaffe, 1987. Research Methods For Elite

Studies.London Allen & Unwin Boston Sydney Welington.

Nitis, I.M., 1999. Country Pasture/Forage Resource Profiles Indonesia

File://Indonesia.html., 23 pages.

Nurung Muhamad, 2011. Analisis Respon Penawaran Hasil Usaha Perkebunan Kopi

Rakyat di Propinsi Bengkulu. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Bengkulu. File :///G:/KEBUN/m.manurung9.n2v4.htm., accessed on Maret, 15, 2013.

Partohardjono, Soetjipto, 1984. Integrasi Tanaman Kelapa Sawit Dengan Tanaman Pangan Jagung dan Ubi Kayu di Lahan Kering. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan Jl Merdeka 147 Bogor 1611.

Priyanto, Dwi 2008, Model Usahatani Integrasi Kakao Kambing Dalam Rangka

Peningkatan Pendapatan Petani. Balai Penelitian ternak PO Box 221 Bogor

16002.

Punya Haris, 2012, Agroforestry sebagai Subsistem Agribisnis file://F:/agroforestry- sebagai -subsistem.html., 8 pages.

Saptana, Tri Panaji, Herlina Tarigan dan Adi Setianto, 2003. Analisis Kelembagaan Pengendalian Hama terpadu Mendukung Agribisnis Kopi Rakyat dalam rangka Otonomi Daerah. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian, Balitbang Pertanian Bogor (2005), 22 pages.

Saunders, Mark Dr. Philip Lewis Andrian Thornhill Dr., 1997, Research Methods for Business Students. Financial Time Management, London –Sanfransisco, Kualalumpur –Johanesburg, 423 pages.

Sinamo, Victor Hasudungan, 2011. Keanekaragaman Arthropoda Pada Perkebunan Kopi

Rakyat di Kabupaten Fakfak Barat.

http://repository.usu.ac.id/handle/123456789/26309, access on March, 15,

2013.

Soemarno, 2007. Kerangka Konsep Pengembangan Kawasan Perkebunan Rakyat, 21 pages, accessed on February, 27, 2012.

Soemarnoa, 2011, Penggunaan Lahan: Dinamika dan Permasalahannya. Bahan kajian dalam MK Landuse Planning PSDAL-PDIP-PPS –FPUB-2011, 26 pages.

Soemarnob, 2011, Strategi Pengembangan Wilayah Berbasis Agribisnis (bahan Kajian);

32 pages.

Sprent.P, 1993. Applied Nonparametric Statistical Methods, Second Edition. Chapman & Hall. LondonGlsgow, New York, Tookyo, Melbourne, madras, 342 pages.

Sudaryanti, Endang, 2004. Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Produksi Kopi Rakyat di Kabupaten Temanggung (StudiKasus di Kecamatan Candiroto), Masters Thesis, Program Pasca Sarjana Universitas Diponegoro Semarang.

Suryani, Reni, 2011. Penerapan Integrasi Usaha tanaman dan Ternak Serta Kebutuhan

Penyuluhan Pertanian (artikel), Program Pasca Sarjana Universitas Andalas

2011, 36 pages.

Wheater, C Philip and Penny A. Cook, 2000. Using Statistics to Understand The Environment. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, London and New York, 245 pages.


Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.