DEMAND FOR ANIMAL FOOD IN THE RURAL AND URBAN OF MALUKU, INDONESIA
Protein deficiency has a permanent and long-term effect, which is a decrease in intelligence, abnormal growth, and stunting. Maluku is the province with the lowest protein consumption in Indonesia. The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of price, income, and demographic factors on animal protein food demand, using the Quadratic Almost Ideal Demand System approach. The research data used 2016 Susenas data of 4,811 households. The results showed that an increase in animal food prices by one percent decreased demand for eggs, chicken, beef, fresh fish and milk powder, respectively, by 0.452%, 2,024%, 4,382%, 2,507%, and 0.969%. The most elastic beef was followed by chicken, fresh fish, milk powder, and eggs with income elasticities of 3,928%, 2,278%, 1,752%, 1,456%, and 0.562%, respectively. All animal foods are luxury items, except eggs are normal goods. In urban areas, beef, fresh fish and milk power are complementary, whereas in rural areas all animal foods are substitutes. Moreover, the impacts of socio-demographic factors on the demand for animal products were found to be very low. To increase protein consumption, the Maluku government needs to maintain the stability of animal food prices, especially eggs. Price policies are more effective than income policies both in urban and rural areas
M. Ariani, â€œAnalisis konsumsi pangan tingkat masyarakat mendukung pencapaian diversifikasi pangan,â€
Gizi Indones., vol. 33, no. 1, 2010.
K. W. Robert, T. M. Parris, and A. A. Leiserowitz, â€œWhat is sustainable development? Goals, indicators,
values, and practice,â€ Environ. Sci. Policy Sustain. Dev., vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 8â€“21, 2005.
T. Andreyeva, M. W. Long, and K. D. Brownell, â€œThe impact of food prices on consumption: a systematic
review of research on the price elasticity of demand for food,â€ Am. J. Public Health, vol. 100, no. 2, pp.
A. CupÃ¡k, J. PokrivÄÃ¡k, and M. Rizov, â€œFood demand and consumption patterns in the new EU member
states: The case of Slovakia,â€ Ekon. ÄŒasopis, vol. 63, no. 4, pp. 339â€“358, 2015.
M. Shibia, S. Rahman, and B. Chidmi, â€œConsumer demand for meat in Kenya: an examination of the linear
approximate almost ideal demand system,â€ Available Online Updat. Httpageconsearch Umn Edu, 2017.
M. Motallebi and D. L. Pendell, â€œEstimating an Almost Ideal Demand System Model for Meats in Iran,â€ in
Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, DC, 2013.
L. Vu and P. Glewwe, â€œImpacts of rising food prices on poverty and welfare in Vietnam,â€ J. Agric. Resour.
Econ., pp. 14â€“27, 2011.
S. A. Kaliji, S. M. Mojaverian, H. Amirnejad, and M. Canavari, â€œFactors Affecting Consumersâ€™ Dairy
Products Preferences,â€ AGRIS -Line Pap. Econ. Inform., vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 3â€“11, 2019.
P. Kumar, A. Kumar, S. Parappurathu, and S. S. Raju, â€œEstimation of demand elasticity for food
commodities in India.,â€ Agric. Econ. Res. Rev., vol. 24, no. 1, 2011.
P. Kumar, M. M. Dey, and F. J. Paraguas, â€œDemand for fish by species in India: Three -stage budgeting
framework,â€ Agric. Econ. Res. Rev., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 167â€“186, 2005.
A. Elijah Obayelu, V. O. Okoruwa, and O. I. Y. Ajani, â€œCross-sectional analysis of food demand in the
North Central, Nigeria: The quadratic almost ideal demand system (QUAIDS) approach,â€ China Agric.
Econ. Rev., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 173â€“193, 2009.
O. Sola, â€œDemand for food in Ondo state, Nigeria: using quadratic almost ideal demand system,â€ J. Bus.
Manag. Econ., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1â€“19, 2013.
Y. Alem and G. KÃ¶hlin, â€œThe impact of food price inflation on subjective well -being: Evidence from urban
Ethiopia,â€ Soc. Indic. Res., vol. 116, no. 3, pp. 853â€“868, 2014.
A. Z. Bharumshah and Z. A. Mohamed, â€œDemand for Meat in Malaysia: An Application of the Almost Ideal
Demand System Analysis,â€ Pertanika J. Soc. Sci. Humanit., vol. 1, pp. 91â€“99, 1993.
H. K. Bett, M. P. Musyoka, K. J. Peters, and W. Bokelmann, â€œDemand for meat in the rural and urban areas
of Kenya: a focus on the indigenous chicken,â€ Econ. Res. Int., vol. 20, 2012.
L. Korir, M. Rizov, and E. Ruto, â€œAnalysis of household food demand and its implications on food security
in Kenya: an application of QUAIDS model,â€ in 92nd Annual Conference, April 16-18, 2018, Warwick
University, Coventry, UK, 2018.
E. H. Pangaribowo, â€œFood Demand Analysis of Indonesian Households: Do They Eat Better or SmoNe
When They Get Richer,â€ in International Conference on Eurasian Economies, 2010.
A. Zellner, â€œAn efficient method of estimating seemingly unrelated regressions and tests for aggregation
bias,â€ J. Am. Stat. Assoc., vol. 57, no. 298, pp. 348â€“368, 1962.
A. Deaton and J. Muellbauer, â€œAn almost ideal demand system,â€ Am. Econ. Rev., vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 312â€“
J. Banks, R. Blundell, and A. Lewbel, â€œQuadratic Engel curves and consumer demand,â€ Rev. Econ. Stat.,
vol. 79, no. 4, pp. 527â€“539, 1997.
M. A. Alboghdady and M. K. Alashry, â€œThe demand for meat in Egypt: An almost ideal estimation,â€ Afr. J.
Agric. Resour. Econ., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 70â€“81, 2010.
N. U. Tefera, M. D. Desta, and S. Rashid, â€œA Dynamic analysis of food demand patterns and habit effects:
panel evidence from rural households in Ethiopia,â€ J Agr Econ Open Access, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1â€“13, 2018.
B. P. Poi, â€œEasy demand-system estimation with quaids,â€ Stata J., vol. 12, no. 3, p. 433, 2012.
L. Bopape and R. Myers, â€œAnalysis of household demand for food in South Africa: Model selection,
expenditure endogeneity, and the influence of socio-demographic effects,â€ in African econometrics society
annual conferenceâ€, Cape Town, South Africa, 2007.
G. Hubbard, A. Garnett, P. Lewis, and T. Oâ€™Brien, Microeconomics. Frenchs Forest. NSW: Pearson
Z. ul Haq, H. Nazli, and K. Meilke, â€œImplications of high food prices for poverty in Pakistan,â€ Agric. Econ.,
vol. 39, pp. 477â€“484, 2008.
N. Khoiriyah, R. Anindita, N. Hanani, and A. W. Muhaimin, â€œAnalisis Permintaan Pangan Hewani Rumah
Tangga Perkotaan Indonesiaâ€ Sebuah Pendekatan Quadratic Almost Ideal Demand System (QUAIDS),â€ in
Prosiding Seminar Nasional dan Internasional, 2018, pp. 155â€“163.
M. Z. Dhraief, M. Oueslati, and B. Dhehibi, â€œIncome, education and age effects on meat and fish demand
in Tunisia,â€ Int. J. Food Agric. Econ. IJFAEC, vol. 1, no. 1128-2016â€“92009, p. 1, 2013.
C. O. A. Ugwumba and J. A. L. Effiong, â€œAnalysis of Household Demand for Beef in Owerri Metropolis of
Imo State, Nigeria,â€ J. Chem. Biol. Phys. Sci. JCBPS, vol. 3, no. 2, p. 1201, 2013.
A. M. Al-Shuaibi, â€œAn Economic Study of the Demand for Red meat in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia using
almost Ideal demand system,â€ Trends Agric. Econ., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 30â€“40, 2011.