Optimization of Kinetin and Benzyl Amino Purine Concentrations in the Culture of Vanilla Shoots (Vanilla planifolia)
Keywords:kultur, multiplikasi, tunas, vanili
Vanilla has a potential to be developed through tissue culture techniques to anticipate the limitations of the parent plant as a source of planting material. The in vitro propagation ability of vanilla shoots needs to be controlled with the regulation of Kinetin and Benzyl Amino Purines. The interests of this study are 1) analysis of the response of vanilla explants at several Kinetin concentrations; 2) analysis of the response of vanilla explants at several concentrations of BAP and 3) analysis of the interaction of Kinetin and BAP on the response of vanilla explants to form shoot multiplication. The research was conducted at the Tissue Culture Laboratory Politeknik Negeri Jember from June to December 2020 using a factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Factor 1 was the Kinetin concentration of 0.0, 1.0, 2.0 mg.L-1 and the second factor was the concentration of BAP 0.5, 1.5, 2.5 mg.L-1. The results proved that the fastest shoot multiplication occurred on MS medium + Kinetin 2 mg.L-1 with a mean of 8.7 days after inoculation. The mean number of shoots was 7.6 shoots/explant with the highest average wet weight of 0.9 grams/explant at the addition of BAP 1.5 mg. L-1 at measurement 70 days after inoculation.
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