PENGARUH PEMBERIAN DUCKWEED DAN VIRGIN COCONUT OIL (VCO) DALAM PAKAN TERHADAP PERFORMA PRODUKSI DAN DAYA TETAS TELUR AYAM CEMANI (The Effect of Feeding Duckweed and Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) on Production Performance and Hatchability of Cemani)

Achmad Rofii, Tyas Rini Saraswati, Enny Yusuf Wachidah Yuniwarti

Abstrak

 

INTISARI

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh pemberian duckweed (Lemna minor) dan virgin coconut oil (VCO) dalam pakan terhadap performa produksi, daya tetas, konsumsi pakan, dan bobot badan ayam cemani (Gallus gallus domesticus). Enam belas ekor ayam cemani betina yang dipelihara dari umur 12 minggu hingga periode bertelur pertama dan ditempatkan secara acak dalam kandang berdasarkan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 4 perlakuan dan 4 kali ulangan. Perlakuan yang digunakan terdiri dari: pakan standar (T0), pakan standar dengan duckweed 75% (T1), pakan dengan VCO 10 ml/kg (T2), pakan standar dengan duckweed 75% dan VCO 10 ml/kg (T3). Parameter yang diamati adalah masak kelamin, jumlah telur, fertilitas telur, daya tetas telur, konsumsi pakan, dan bobot badan. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa pemberian duckweed dan VCO dalam pakan berpengaruh (P<0,05) terhadap masak kelamin, jumlah telur, konsumsi pakan, retensi protein, dan bobot badan, namun tidak berpengaruh (P>0,05) terhadap fertilitas dan daya tetas telur ayam cemani. Pemberian duckweed 75% dan VCO 10 ml/kg dapat digunakan sebagai alternatif untuk perbaikan performa produksi dan asupan nutrisi ayam cemani.

 

Kata kunci: Ayam Cemani, Duckweed, VCO, Daya Tetas, Performa Produksi

 

 

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of using duckweed (Lemna minor) and virgin coconut oil (VCO) in diet on performance, hatchability, feed consumption, and body weight of cemani hen (Gallus gallus domesticus). Sixteen cemani hens were maintained from the age of 12 weeks to the first laying period and housed randomly in cages based on a completely randomized design (CRD) using four treatments and four replications. The treatment consisted: standard feed (T0), standard feed added 75% duckweed (T1), standard feed added 10 ml/kg VCO (T2), and standard feed added 75% duckweed and 10 ml/kg VCO (T3). The parameters were evaluated: age of maturity, egg number, fertility, hatchability, feed consumption, protein retention, and body weight. The results showed that feeding of duckweed and VCO had significant (P<0.05) effects on age of maturity, egg number, feed consumption, protein retention, and body weight, but there were no significant (P>0.05) effects on fertility, and hatchability of cemani’s hen. The feeding of  duckweed 75% and VCO 10 ml/kg can be used as an alternative to improve performance and nutritional intake of cemani’s hen.

 

Keywords: Cemani, Duckweed, VCO, Hatchability, Performance

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Referensi

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