PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI 3 JENIS LEGUMINOSA POHON DI PERTANAMAN KELAPA PASCA DEFOLIASI (Growth and Production of 3 Types of Leguminosa Tree in Coconut Plantations After Defoliation)

Mohammad Takdir, Wardi Wardi, Andi Baso Lompengen Ishak

Abstrak

INTISARI

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pertumbuhan dan produksi indigofera, lamtoro, dan kaliandra di pertanaman kelapa pasca defoliasi. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Desa Bulubete, Kecamatan Dolo Selatan, Kabupaten Sigi, Sulawesi Tengah. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada 3 jenis legum yaitu indigofera (Indigofera sp.), lamtoro (Leucaena leucocephala), dan kaliandra (Calliandra calothyrsus). Variabel yang diamati meliputi tinggi tanaman (TT) dan produksi segar (PS) dari hasil panen pada hari ke-30, 60, dan 90. Data hasil penelitian dianalisis secara deskriptif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata produksi segar leguminosa yang dipanen pada umur 90 hari sebelum perlakuan pemupukan pada 3 jenis leguminosa: indigofera, lamtoro, dan kaliandra secara berturut-turut adalah 0,96 kg; 0,37 kg; 0,63 kg; dan pasca pemupukan mencapai 5,50 sampai 7,66 kg; 0,78 sampai 2,22 kg; dan 2,0 sampai 3,28 kg. Disimpulkan bahwa introduksi dari ketiga leguminosa di bawah tegakan pertanaman kelapa yang paling adaptif adalah indigofera. Indigofera dapat dijadikan solusi alternatif terhadap permasalahan keterbatasan hijauan makanan ternak di peternakan rakyat.

 

Kata kunci: Indigofera, Lamtoro, Kaliandra, Pertanaman Kelapa, Pemupukan

 

 

ABSTRACT

This research aimed to find out the growth and production of indigofera, lamtoro, and kaliandra in coconut plantations after defoliation. The study was conducted in Bulubete Village, South Dolo Subdistrict, Sigi Regency, Central Sulawesi. This study was conducted on 3 types of legumes, namely indigofera (Indigofera sp.), lamtoro (Leucaena leucocephala), and calliandra (Calliandra calothyrsus). Variables observed were plants height (TT) and fresh production yields (PS) on 30, 60, and 90 days. The results of data were analyzed descriptively. The results showed the average of fresh legumes production were harvested at the age of 90 days in 3 types of legumes: indigofera, lamtoro, and calliandra was 0.96 kg; 0.37 kg; 0.63 kg; and post fertilization reaches 5.50 to 7.66 kg; 0.78 to 2.22 kg; and 2.0 to 3.28 kg. It was concluded that the introduction of three legumes under coconut stands that were very adaptive was indogofera. This can be used as an alternative solution for the limitations of forage in te small farms.

 

Keywords: Indigofera, Leucaena leucocephala, Calliandra, Coconut Plantations, Fertilization

Kata Kunci

Indigofera, Lamtoro, Kaliandra,, pertanaman kelapa, pemupukan

Teks Lengkap:

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Referensi

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