Seroprevalensi Brucellosis dan Tingkat Gangguan Reproduksi Pada Sapi Perah di Kota Batu
Keywords:Brucellosis, Reproduction, Dairy cattle, Seroprevalence
This study aimed to measure the incidence rate of brucellosis in dairy cattle at Batu City based on
serological tests (seroprevalence) and to determine the relationship between the incidence of
brucellosis and reproductive disorders. Cross-sectional epidemiological research was conducted to
determine the prevalence of brucellosis in dairy cows. Serum samples were obtained from 130
dairy cows over 6 months of age, reproductive disorders data using a questionnaire on 21 farmers.
Serological testing used the Rose Bengal Test (RBT) and continued with the Complement Fixation
Test (CFT). The data analysis used Pearson's Chi-Square correlation statistical test. The
seroprevalence of brucellosis at Batu City was 0.7%. The prevalence of reproductive disorders in
dairy cows was 29.2% consisted of 8.5% abortion and 20.8% repeated mating. There was a
correlation between brucellosis and the incidence of abortion (ï£2
= 10.90; P<0.05) and a
correlation between the incidence of abortion and the age more than 3 years (ï£2
= 5.35; P<0.05).
The conclusion of this study showed that the prevalence of brucellosis at Batu city was low (<2%).
The results of this study could be used as the basis for implementing a vaccination program and
eradicating brucellosis at East Java