Produktivitas dan nilai nutrient beberapa jenis rumput di bawah naungan pohon karet

Authors

  • Syahrio Tantalo Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung
  • Liman Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung
  • Fitria Tsani Farda Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung
  • Agung Kusuma Wijaya Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung
  • Yohanes Abrian Frastianto Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung
  • Ignatius Anjas Pangestu Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25047/jipt.v4i2.2502

Keywords:

Crude protein content, Crude fiber content, Shade, Grass production

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the productivity and nutrient content of three grass
types with or without rubber trees shading. It was conducted in May-September 2020
at Sangga Buana Village, Seputih Banyak, Central Lampung and Animal Nutrition and
Food Laboratory, University of Lampung. This study used nested design with two factors
of rubber trees shaded and grass types with six replications. Both factors were shaded
conditions: N0 (land without shade) and N1 (land under rubber trees shade); and grass
types: elephant grass (A1); setaria (A2); and odot (A3). The results showed the shaded
decreased (P<0.05) leave length of each grass compared to non-shading conditions.
Grass under the shade decreased their production and odot grass showed the lowest
production (P<0.05). The number of tillers and plant height under the shade decreased
significantly (P<0.05) on elephant grass and setaria grass. Leaf width under the shade
decreased significantly (P<0.05) on setaria and odot grass. The shaded effected (P<0.05)
nutrient content on elephant grass, setaria, and odot. It was concluded that Setaria
grass (Setaria sphacelata) had the best productivity under the shaded based on yield.
The nutrient content of each grass varied depending on the ability of the grass to adapt
to shaded conditions.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

AOAC. (2006). Official Methods of Analysis of

AOAC International 18th Edition. AOAC

International Suite 500 481 North Frederick

Avenue Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA.

Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) Provinsi Lampung.

(2020). Provinsi Lampung dalam Angka

(B. I. P. dan D. Statistik, ed.). Lampung:

BPS Provinsi Lampung.

Charel Rily Rellam; S. Anis; A. Rumambi; Rustandi.

(2017). Pengaruh Naungan dan Pemupukan

Nitrogen Terhadap Karakteristik Morfologis

Rumput Gajah Dwarf (Pennisetum

purpureum cv Mott). Zootec, 37(1), 179–

Ella, A. (2010). Pengaruh Jenis Naungan yang

Berbeda Terhadap Produksi dan Nilai Gizi

Beberapa Jenis Hijauan Pakan Ternak.

AgroSaint UKI Toraja, I(3), 1–5.

Fanindi, A., Prawiradiputra, b. r., & Abdullah,

L. (2010). Pengaruh intensitas cahaya

terhadap produksi hijauan dan benih kalopo

( Calopogonium mucunoides ). Jurnal Ilmu

Ternak Dan Veteriner, 15(3), 205–214.

Fitriana, P. R., Hidayat, H., & Akbarillah, T.

(2017). Kualitas Nutrisi Rumput Setaria

spachaellata yang Dipanen Berdasarkan

Interval Pemotongan. Jurnal Sain

Peternakan Indonesia, 12(4), 444–453.

https://doi.org/10.31186/jspi.id.12.4.444-

Muhtarudin; Erwanto; A. Dakhlan. (2011). Teknik

Penelitian untuk Ilmu Peternakan. Bandar

Lampung: Anugerah Utama raharja.

Rahmawati. (2019). Pengaruh Naungan Terhadap

Kandungan Bahan Kering, Protein Kasar,

Serat Kasar, Lemak Kasar Rumput Ruzi (

Brachiaria ruziziensis ) Effect of Shade on

Dry Matter Content , Crude Protein , Crude

Fiber , Crude Fat and Mineral Ruzi Grass (

Brachiaria ruzizie. Journal of Livestock and

Animal Health, 2(1), 20–24.

Sabaruddin, C. E. (2015). Dampak Naungan

terhadap Perubahan Karakter Agronomi

dan Morfo-Fisiologi Daun pada Tanaman

Kedelai (Glycine max (L.) Merrill). Jurnal

Floratek, 10, 26–35.

Wijaya, A. K., Muhtarudin, M., Liman, L., Antika,

C., & Febriana, D. (2019). Produktivitas

Hijauan Yang Ditanam Pada Naungan Pohon

Kelapa Sawit Dengan Tanaman Campuran.

Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan Terpadu, 6(3),

https://doi.org/10.23960/jipt.v6i3.

p155-162

Yustiningsih, M. (2019). Intensitas Cahaya dan

Efisiensi Fotosintesis pada Tanaman

Naungan dan Tanaman Terpapar Cahaya

Langsung. Bio-Edu: Jurnal Pendidikan

Biologi, 4(2), 43–48. https://doi.

org/10.32938/jbe.v4i2.385

Published

31-03-2021

How to Cite

Tantalo, S., Liman, L., Tsani Farda, F., Kusuma Wijaya, A., Abrian Frastianto, . Y., & Anjas Pangestu, I. (2021). Produktivitas dan nilai nutrient beberapa jenis rumput di bawah naungan pohon karet. Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan Terapan, 4(2), 92–97. https://doi.org/10.25047/jipt.v4i2.2502