Produktivitas rumput gajah (Pennisetum purpureum cv Taiwan) hasil irradiasi sinar gamma pada dosis 50 Gy

Authors

  • Harmini Harmini Balai Penelitian Ternak
  • Sajimin Sajimin Balai penelitian ternak
  • Achmad Fanindi Balai penelitian ternak
  • Ali Husni Balai Besar Penelitian Bioteknologi dan Sumberdaya Genetika

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25047/jipt.v5i1.2906

Keywords:

irradiasi, produktivitas, rumput gajah cv Taiwan

Abstract

The study aims to determine the productivity of elephant grass cv Taiwan (Pennisetum purpureum cv Taiwan) from gamma ray irradiation at a dose of 50 gy at five harvest in one year. The study used a randomized block design (RBD) with 3 replications, the treatment was 51 numbers clone of elephant grass (P. purpureum cv Taiwan) from gamma ray irradiation and control (without irradiation). Observations were made on each number of elephant grass irradiated on 5 plants per number, and were made on 10 plantswith a harvest interval of 2 months. The observed parameters include the number of tillers; fresh and dry leaf weight; fresh and dry stem weight, and total weight. The results showed a significant impact of gamma radiation (P<0.05) on tiller count, fresh leaf weight, dry leaf weight and fresh stem weight as well as dry stem weight and total weight. These results show that gamma radiation on elephant grass can generate diversity and increase its productivity. The best cuttings can be made on the fourth cut in clones no. 19, 1, 27, 31 and 3.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Al Hafiizh, E., & Ermayanti, T. M. (2014). Pengaruh iradiasi sinar gamma terhadap pertumbuhan tunas kultur in vitro Pennisetum purpureum. In E. Kaiin, B. Tappa, Y. Widyastuti, S. Said, & P. Agung (Eds.), Bioresources untuk Pembangunan Ekonomi Hijaua (pp. 57–69). LIPI.

Astuti, N. P. (2007). Kandungan Reserpin Kultur Kalus Pule Pandak (Rauvolfia verticillata (Lour.) Baillon) Setelah Dielisitasi Dengan Cendawan Pytium sp [skripsi]. Universitas Sebelas Maret.

Budiman, B., Soetrisno, R. D., Budhi, S. P. S., & Indrianto, A. (2012). Morphological characteristics, productivity and quality of three napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum) cultivars harvested at different AGE. Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture, 37(4), 294–301. https://doi.org/10.14710/jitaa.37.4.294-301

Fanindi, A., Sutjahjo, S., Aisyah, S., & Purwantari, N. D. (2016). Characteristic morphology and genetic variability of Benggala grass (Panicum maximum cv Purple guinea) through gamma ray irradiated on acid land. Jurnal Ilmu Ternak Dan Veteriner, 21(4), 205–214. https://doi.org/10.14334/jitv.v21i4.1635

Fanindi, A., Sutjahjo, S. H., Aisyah, S. I., & Purwantari, N. D. (2019). Morphological characteristics and productivity of Guinea Grass (Panicum maximum CV Purple Guinea) irradiated with Gamma-Ray. Tropical Animal Science Journal, 42(2), 97–105. https://doi.org/10.5398/tasj.2019.42.2.97

Gea, B., Karti, P., Prihantoro, I., & Husni, A. (2019). Aklimatisasi dan Evaluasi Produksi Mutan Rumput Gajah Kultivar Taiwan. Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi Dan Teknologi Pakan, 17(2), 47–53. https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.17.2.47-53

Harmini, H., Sajimin, S., Fanindi, A., & Husni, A. (2020). Keragaan Agronomi Rumput Gajah (Pennisetum purpureum cv Taiwan) Hasil Irradiasi Sinar Gamma. JINTP, 18(3), 62–66.

Haryani, H., Norlindawati, A. P., Norfadzrin, F., Aswanimiyuni, A., & Azman, A. (2018). Yield and nutritive values of six napier (Pennisetum purpureum) cultivars at different cutting age. Malaysian Journal of Veterinary Research, 9(2), 6–12.

Lestari, R. H., Rusdy, M., Sema, S., & Hasan, S. (2018). Effect of Liquid Organic Fertilizer and Defoliation Interval on Growth Characteristics and Quality of Elephant Grass CV.Taiwan. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications (IJSRP), 8(10), 44–48. https://doi.org/10.29322/ijsrp.8.10.2018.p8208

Poehlman, J., & Sleper, D. (1995). Breeding Field Crops. Panima Publishing Corporation.

Prihantoro, I., Anandia, A., Aryanto, A., Setiana, M., & Karti, P. D. M. H. (2019). Tingkat adaptasi tanaman alfalfa ( Medicago sativa L .) Hasil mutasi dengan sinar gamma pada skala lapang that irradiated with gamma rays on a field scale. Pastura, 9(1), 1–6.

Purba, K. R., Bayu, E. S., & Nuriadi, I. (2013). Induksi mutasi radiasi sinar gammapada beberapa varietas kedelai hitam (Glycine max (L.) Merrill). Jurnal Online Agroekoteknologi, 3(2252), 58–66. http://www.tjyybjb.ac.cn/CN/article/downloadArticleFile.do?attachType=PDF&id=9987

Reddy, B. V. S., Reddy, P. S., Bidinger, F., & Blümmel, M. (2003). Crop management factors influencing yield and quality of crop residues. Field Crops Research, 84(1–2), 57–77.

Published

31-10-2021

How to Cite

Harmini, H., Sajimin, S., Fanindi, A., & Husni, A. (2021). Produktivitas rumput gajah (Pennisetum purpureum cv Taiwan) hasil irradiasi sinar gamma pada dosis 50 Gy. Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan Terapan, 5(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.25047/jipt.v5i1.2906

Issue

Section

Seminars and Conferences