Penyuluhan Kesehatan dengan Metode Emo Demo Efektif Meningkatkan Praktik CTPS di MI Al-Badri Kalisat Kabupaten Jember
Indonesian people's habits, including children in washing hand with soap (CTPS), are still low. Although handwashing with soap is one of the most effective ways to prevent diarrhea and ISPA, which is the leading cause of child death. Emotional Demonstration (Emo Demo) is one of the imaginative and provocative educational methods to achieve healthy behavior. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of CTPS counseling with Emo Demo method on school-age children in MI Al-Badri Kalisat, Jember District. This research was a quantitative research using experimental pre experimental design One Group Pretest Postest Design with the number of research subjects as many as 47 people. The variables to be studied include the knowledge and practice of CTPS measured using the pretest and posttest knowledge instruments, pretest and posttest observation practice sheets, and extension media using the Emo Demo method. Data collection techniques through interviews and observation. Data were processed using SPSS Version 21 software statistic with Wilcoxon Sign Rank test with Î± = 0,05. Data collection was conducted in September-October 2017. Prior to the intervention, most of them lacked knowledge and practice (78.8% and 85.1%) and no students had good knowledge and practice of CTPS. After the intervention was done by providing counseling, small group demonstration, and provision of handwashing facilities, most students had moderate knowledge (76.6%) while students with good knowledge were 8.5%. The subjects of CTPS practice were mostly in good category (76.6%) while subjects with less than 1 person (2.1%) training ability. The conclusion of this study is that there is significant difference of knowledge before and after intervention (p = 0,000), there is significant difference in practice before and after intervention (p = 0,000).
Keywordsâ€” CTPS, Emo Demo, Health Education
Biran, A, et al. 2014. Effect of a Behaviour-Change Intervention on Handwashing with Soap in India (SuperAmma): A Cluster-Randomised Trial. Lancet Glob Health 2014; 2: e145â€“154. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(13)70160-8
Setyaningrum R, Achmad Rofiâ€™i, Annisa Setyanti. 2015. Tingkat Pengetahuan dan Sikap tentang Cuci TanganPakai Sabun (CTPS) pada Siswa SD Batuah I dan Batuah II Pagatan. Jurnal Kesehatan Berkala. Vol. 1 No. 1 November 2015 hal. 42-46
Balitbankes. 2007. Laporan Nasional Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas).Jakarta: Depkes R.I.
Purwandari, R. 2013. Hubungan antara Perilaku Mencuci Tangan dengan Insiden Diare pada Anak Usia Sekolah di Kabupaten Jember. Jurnal Keperawatan Vol. 4 No. 2 Hal. 122-130. http://ejournal.umm.ac.id/index.php/keperawatan/article/view/2362
Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI. 2014. Perilaku Mencuci Tangan Pakai Sabun di Indonesia. Jakarta:
Notoatmodjo, S. 2012.PromosiKesehatandanPerilaku Kesehatan (Edisi Revisi 2012). Jakarta:Rineka Cipta.
Laxminarayan, R, Jeffrey Chow, and Sonbol A. Shahid-Salles. 2006. Intervention Cost-Effectiveness: Overview of Main Messages. Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. 2nd edition.Oxford University Press and The World Bank, New York (2006), pp. 35-58
Aunger, Robert and Valerie Curtis. 2008. A Guide to Behavior Centre Design. London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
Departemen Kesehatan RI. 2008.StrategiNasionalSanitasiTotal BerbasisMasyarakat. Jakarta: Depkes R.I.
_____. 2008.PedomanUmumPengelolaanKegiatanPeningkatan PerilakuCuci TanganPakaiSabun(CTPS). Jakarta:Depkes R.I.
_____. 2008.Panduan Manajemen PHBS Menuju Kabupaten/Kota Sehat. Jakarta: Depkes R.I.
Amrullah, M.A. 2014.Panduan Menyusun Proposal, Skripsi, Tesis & Disertasi. Yogyakarta : Penerbit SMART PUSTAKA.Lameshow,S.H.J.,J. Klar.,S.K. Lwanga. 2007.Besar Sampel dalam Penelitian Kesehatan.Yogyakarta:Gadjah MadaUniversityPress.
Sugiono, 2007. Statistik UntukPenelitian. Bandung : Alfabeta
Ningsih, DS. 2015. Hubungan Jenis Kelamin Terhadap Kebersihan Rongga Mulut Anak Panti Asuhan. ODONTO Dental Jurnal. Volume 2 No. 1 Juli 2015
Nuryanti, L. 2008. Psikologi Anak. Jakarta: PenerbitIndeks.
Khadijah, N. 2009. Psikologi Pendidikan. Palembang: CV. Grafika Telindo
Aunger R et al. 2010. Three kinds of psychological determinants for hand-washing behaviour in Kenya. Sosial Science and Medicine. Volume 70 Issues 3 February 2010,p. 383-391. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.10.038
Leontsini, E. and Peter J Winch. 2014. Increasing handwashing with soap: emotional drivers or social norms?The Lancet Global Health, Volume 2, Issue 3, March 2014, Pages e118-e119