Design of Polypropylene Distillation Fuel Generator (PDFG) as an effort to create alternative energy for standar engine

Aditya Wahyu Pratama, Azamataufiq Budi P

Abstrak


Technologies  Energy like  fossil  energy  belong  to  renewable  energy  are growing. one of the example is to recycle of waste plastic as fuel .Some types of waste that we often see are plastic bottles such as plastic cups, plastic bottle caps, toys and margarine  etc., which  is  one  type  of  PP Polypropylene waste.  Each  unit of  heavy plastic can produce 70 percent oil, 16percent gas, 6 percent carbon solid and 8 percent water.  And  for  PP  type  plastic  Polypropylene has  melting  point  of  70celcius  degree until 80celcius  degree [5][11][12].  The  calorific  value  of  pure  Polypropylene  Liquid Plastics BBPP is 25.97 KJ per gram. Proving that plastic waste has a high enough heat content  it  can  be  developed  to  become  one  of  the  alternative  sources  of  energy  that uses renewable natural materials renewable resources, although in previous studies the calorific value obtained was still below the standard reference fuel value of 48 KJ per gram.  So  it  still cannot be  used  on  motor  vehicles.  This  study  aims  to  increase  the calorific  value  of liquid  polypropylene  fuel  from  the  results  of  Pyrolysis  so  that  the calorific value is closer to the standard by using the distillation process and absorption method or purification process of purifying the Polypropylene liquid fuel. Liquid fuel Polypropylene  is  introduced  into  the  Absorption  Distillation  reactor  and  evaporated using  a  heater  to  a  temperature  near  70celcius  degree until 90celcius  degree.  and subsequently  condensed  by  using  a  pure  water  medium  with  a  temperature  of 20celcius  degree  until 25 Celsius  degree.  The  calorific  value  resulting  from  the absorption  distillation  is  44.35  KJ per gram.  The  results  are  close  to  the  standard premium fuel calorific value.

Teks Lengkap:

PDF

Referensi


AS Chaurasia and BV Babu 2005 Modeling & Simulation of Pyrolysis of Biomass Effect of Thermal Conductivity Reactor Temperatur and Particle Size on Product Consentrations Pilani India.

Azamataufiq BP and Aditya Wahyu P 2015 Nilai Kalor Bahan bakar Plastik Polypropilene

Das S and Pande s 2007 Pyrolysis and Catalytic Cracking of Municipal PlasticWaste forRecovery of Gasoline Range Hydrocarbons ThesisChemical Engineering Department National Institute of Technology Rourkela.

Ekky wahyudi 2017 Processing of Polypropylene

Kadir 2012 Kajian Pemanfaatan Sampah Plastik Sebagai Sunber Bahan Bakar Cair Dinamika Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik mesin Vol 3 No 2 Kendari Universitas Haluoleo

Kumar S, Panda AK, Singh RK 2011 A Review on Tertiary Recycling of High-Density Polyethylene to Fuel Resources Conservation and Recycling Vol 55 893– 910

Kurniawan A 2012 Mengenal Kode Kemasan Plastik yang Aman dan Tidak http://ngeblogging.wordpress dikutip tanggal 01-Agustus-2018

Mikrajuddin 2016 Fisika Dasar 1.Untuk Universitas Word Press ITB

Melyna E, Irdoni, I Zahrina Tanpa Tahun Perengkahan Sampah Plastik(PP, PS)

Muryani 2016 Kelompok Swadaya Masyarakat (

Ramadhan, Aprian 2011 Pengolahan sampah plastik menjadi minyak menggunakan proses pirolisis Jurnal Ilmiah teknik Lingkungan Vol 4 no 1 Universitas PembangunanNasional Veteran Jawa Timur

Surono, Budi U 2013 Berbagai Metode Konfersi Sampah Plastik Menjadi Bahan Bakar Minyak Jurnal Teknik Vol 3 No 1 Yogyakarta Universitas Janabadra

Tri Poespowati 2016 Metode Pemisahan Secara Destilasi Buku Teknik No ISBN 978- 979796-132-9 Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang Press

S Sekar And R Saravanan 2011 Experimental Studies on Absorption heat Transformer coupled Distillation System Desalination Volume 274 issues 1-3 Pages 292-301

KE Herold, R Radermacher, SA Klein 2016 Absorption Chillers and Heat Pump International Standar Book Number 13 978-1-4987-1435-8


Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.