Pertambahan bobot badan sapi impor Brahman Cross heifers dan steers pada bobot kedatangan yang berbeda

Authors

  • Amam Program Studi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Jember
  • Haryono Supervisor Perusahaan Feedlot, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25047/jipt.v4i2.2357

Keywords:

Brahman cross, heifers, Cattle imported, Beef cattle, steers

Abstract

The import of beef cattle to supply the national demand for meat has been regulated in the Regulation of the Indonesian Minister of Agriculture Number 108/Permentan/PD.410 /9/2014. This study aimed to assess the performance of imported cattle that came from Australia based on the Average Daily Gain (ADG). Observations were made on imported beef cattle from the Brahman Cross, which consisted of 2 types, namely heifers and steers. The focus of observation was on ADG of cattle with Come Weights (CW) ranging from 200, 300, and 400 kg. The imported cattle were fattened at the feedlot company for at least 106 days. The data obtained were analyzed descriptively and analyzed by independent samples test with the IBM SPSS Statistics 26 application program. The results showed that the maximum ADG of imported Brahman Cross cattle heifers at arrival weight (AW) 200, 300, and 400 kg were 2.01; 1.81; and 1.45 kg with an average ADG of 1.40; 1.17; and 1.10 kg, while the maximum ADG for this  steers type at arrival weight (AW) 200, 300, and 400 kg were 1.86; 2.53; and 1.96 kg with an average ADG of 1.44 each; 1.43; and 1.43 kg. The conclusion showed that the imported Brahman Crossbreeds of steers had a higher ADG than the heifers. Suggestions for feeder beef importing companies should choose the type of steers with an arrival weight (AW) of 300 kg, because cattle had the maximum potential of ADG.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Affandhy, L., Aryogi, & Tiesnamurti, B. (2014). Perkawinan sapi potong di Indonesia. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Jakarta: IAARD Press: Jakarta.

Agung, S. (2012). Evaluasi Bobot Badan Terhadap Pertambahan Bobot Badan (Pbb) Dan Pertambahan Bobot Badan Harian (Pbbh) Sapi Brahman Cross Steer Dan Heifer. Universitas Brawijaya.

Amam, A., Fanani, Z., Hartono, B., & Nugroho, B. (2019). Identification of resources in the system of broiler farming business. Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner, 24(3), 135-142. http://dx.doi.org/10.14334/jitv.v24.3.1927.

Amam, A., Fanani, Z., Hartono, B., & Nugroho, B. A. (2019a). Pengembangan usaha ternak ayam pedaging sistem kemitraan bagi hasil berdasarkan aksesibilitas peternak terhadap sumber daya. Jurnal Ilmu Dan Teknologi

Peternakan Tropis, 6(2), 146-153. http://dx.doi.org/10.33772/jitro.v6i2.5578.

Amam, A., Fanani, Z., Hartono, B., & Nugroho, B. A. (2019b). Usaha ternak ayam pedaging sistem kemitraan pola dagang umum: Pemetaan sumber daya dan model pengembangan. Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan, 17(2), 5-11. https://doi.org/10.20961/sainspet.v17i2.26892.

Amam, A., & Harsita, P. (2019). Tiga pilar usaha ternak: breeding, feeding, and management. Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia, 14(4), 431439. https://doi.org/10.31186/jspi.id.14.4.431439.

Amam, A., Jadmiko, M. W., Harsita, P. A., & Yulianto, R. (2019). Internal resources of dairy cattle farming business and their effects on institutional performance and business development. Animal Production, 21(3), 157-166. http://doi.org/10.20884/1.jap.2019.21.3.738.

Amam, A., Yulianto, R., Widodo, N., & Romadhona, S. (2020). Pengaruh aspek kerentanan terhadap aksesibilitas sumber daya usaha ternak sapi potong. Livestock and Animal Research, 18(2), 160-170. https://doi.org/10.20961/lar.

v18i2.42955.

Amien, I. (2013). Pertambahan Bobot Badan dan Konversi Pakan Sapi Limousin Cross Dengan Pakan Tambahan Probiotik. Universitas Brawijaya: Malang.

Brew, M., Myer, R., Hersom, M., Carter, J., Elzo, M., Hansen, G., & Riley, D. (2011). Water intake and factors affecting water intake bof growing beef cattle. Livestock Science, 140(1-3), 297-300. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. livsci.2011.03.030.

Daigle, C. L., Mathias, A. J., Ridge, E. E., Gill, R., Wickersham, T. A., & Sawyer, J. E. (2018). Case study: effect of exercise programs during receiving in a commercial feedlot on behavior and productivity of Brahman crossbred calves:

results from a commercial environment and a comparison to the research environment. The Professional Animal Scientist, 34(6), 653-663. https://doi.org/10.15232/pas.2018-01744.

Façanha, D. A. E., Ferreira, J. B., Leite, J. H. G. M., de Sousa, J. E. R., Guilhermino, M. M., Costa, W. P., . . . Silveira, R. M. F. (2019). The dynamic

adaptation of Brazilian Brahman bulls. Journal of thermal biology, 81, 128-136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtherbio.2019.02.016.

Fields, M. J., Hentges Jr, J. F., & Cornelisse, K. W. (1982). Aspects of the sexual development of Brahman versus Angus bulls in Florida. Theriogenology, 18(1), 17-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/0093-691X(82)90045-0.

Firdausi, A., Susilawati, T., Nasich, M., & Kuswati, K. (2012). Pertambahan bobot badan harian sapi Brahman Cross Pada bobot badan dan frame size yang berbeda. Ternak Tropika, 13(1), 48-62.

Harsita, P., & Amam, A. (2019). Permasalahan Utama Usaha Ternak Sapi Potong di Tingkat Peternak dengan Pendekatan Vilfredo Pareto Analysis. Paper presented at the Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner.

McAlpine, C. A., Etter, A., Fearnside, P. M., Seabrook, L., & Laurance, W. F. (2009). Increasing world consumption of beef as a driver of regional and global change: A call for policy action based on evidence from Queensland

(Australia), Colombia and Brazil. Global Environmental Change, 19(1), 21-33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.10.008.

Muslim, K. N., Nugroho, H., & Susilawati, T. (2013). Hubungan antara bobot badan induk dan bobot lahir pedet sapi Brahman cross pada jenis kelamin yang berbeda. Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan, 23(1), 18-24.

Nazir, M. (2014). Metode Penelitian: Ghalia Indonesia: Bogor. Phillips, W., Holloway, J., Warrington, B., & Venuto, B. (2009). Stocker and feedlot performance of Beef Heifers Sired by Braunvieh and Wagyu Bulls from Angus-, Brahman-, Senepol-, and Tuli-sired Dams. The Professional Animal Scientist, 25(6), 809-814. https://doi.org/10.15232/S1080-7446(15)30793-2.

Setiawan, H., Hartono, B., & Utami, H. (2014). Kontribusi pendapatan usaha ternak sapi potong terhadap rumah tangga peternak. Jurnalku, 1(1), 1-10.

Setiyono, S., Kusuma, A., & Rusman, R. (2017). Pengaruh bangsa, umur, jenis kelamin terhadap kualitas daging sapi potong di Daerah Iswimewa Yogyakarta. Buletin Peternakan, 41(2), 176-186. Soetriono, S., Soejono, D., Zahrosa, D. B., Maharani, A. D., & Amam, A. (2019). Strategi pengembangan dan diversifikasi sapi potong di Jawa Timur. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis, 6(2): 138-145. http://dx.doi.org/10.33772/jitro.v6i2.5571.

Solehudin, S., & Hasibuan, M. (2020). Kinerja reproduksi sapi Brahman Cross di Kabupaten Batubara. Journal of Livestock and Animal Health, 25(1), 24-34.

Zajulie, M. I., Nasich, M., Susilawati, T., & Kuswati, K. (2015). Distribusi komponen karkas sapib Brahman Cross (BX) hasil penggemukann pada umur pemotongan yang berbeda. Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science), 25(1), 24-34.

Published

31-03-2021

How to Cite

Amam, A., & Haryono, H. (2021). Pertambahan bobot badan sapi impor Brahman Cross heifers dan steers pada bobot kedatangan yang berbeda. Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan Terapan, 4(2), 104–109. https://doi.org/10.25047/jipt.v4i2.2357