Penggunaan nanoenkapsulasi ekstrak buah mahkota dewa (Phaleria macrocarpa) dalam air minum terhadap performa produksi ayam broiler
Keywords:Broiler chicken, God’s Crown, Nanoencapsulation, Growth performance
The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of nanoencapsulation of Phaleria macrocarpa fruits extract (NEPM) in drinking water and the effect on broiler growth performance. A total number of 200 male broiler chicks, aged eight days old, were distributed into 5 treatments with 4 replicates (10 birds in each replicate). The experimental treatments consisted of the basal diet (P0; negative control), and basal diet with antibiotic tetracycline supplementation (P1; positive control), and basal diets with 2.5% of Phaleria macrocarpa fruits extract (P2), 2.5% NEPM (P3), or 5.0% NEPM (P4). The basal diet was based on yellow corn and soybean meal that contains 20.44% crude protein, 2917.47 kcal/kg metabolizable energy, 0.84% Calcium, and 0.51% available Phosphorus. The diets and drinking water was supplied for ad libitum consumption. Parameters evaluated in the current study were growth performance (feed consumption and conversation, body weight gain, water consumption, slaughter and carcass weight, and carcass percentage), Data were analyzed using analysis of variance in a completely randomized design. Orthogonal contrast tests were used to separate data with a significant difference. Results showed that supplementation of NEPM in the drinking water did not affect growth performance of broiler chicken.
Abdollahi, M. R., Ravindran, V., & Svihus, B. (2013). Influence of grain type and feed form on performance , apparent metabolisable energy and ileal digestibility of nitrogen , starch , fat , calcium and phosphorus in broiler starters. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 186(3–4), 193–203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2013.10.015
Alara, O., & Olalere, O. (2016). A Critical Overview on the Extraction of Bioactive Compounds from Phaleria Natural Products Chemistry & Research A Critical Overview on the Extraction of Bioactive Compounds from Phaleria macrocarpa ( Thymelaceae ). Natural Products Chemistry & Research, 4(5), 2–4. https://doi.org/10.4172/2329-6836.1000232
Altaf, R., Asmawi, M. Z. Bin, Dewa, A., Sadikun, A., & Umar, M. I. (2013). Phytochemistry and medicinal properties of Phaleria macrocarpa (Scheff.) Boerl. extracts. Pharmacognosy Reviews, 7(13), 73–80. https://doi.org/10.4103/0973-7847.112853
Bugnicourt, L., & Ladaviere, C. (2016). Ac ce pt us t. Progress in Polymer Science. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2016.06.002
Classen, H. L. (2016). Diet energy and feed intake in chickens. Animal Feed Science and Technology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2016.03.004
Esfanjani, A., & Jafari, S. M. (2016). Colloids and Surfaces B : Biointerfaces Biopolymer nano-particles and natural nano-carriers for nano-encapsulation of phenolic compounds. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 146, 532–543. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colsurfb.2016.06.053
Ezhilarasi, P. N., Karthik, P., Chhanwal, N., & Anandharamakrishnan, C. (2013). Nanoencapsulation Techniques for Food Bioactive Components: A Review. Food and Bioprocess Technology, 6(3), 628–647. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11947-012-0944-0
Katouzian, I., & Jafari, S. M. (2016). Nano-encapsulation as a promising approach for targeted delivery and controlled release of vitamins. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 53, 34–48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2016.05.002
Kaur, S. P., Rao, R., Hussain, A., & Khatkar, S. (2011). Preparation and characterization of rivastigmine loaded chitosan nanoparticles. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, 3(5), 1227–1232.
Motiei, M., Kashanian, S., Lucia, L. A., & Khazaei, M. (2017). Intrinsic parameters for the synthesis and tuned properties of amphiphilic chitosan drug delivery nanocarriers. Journal of Controlled Release, 260(June), 213–225. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconrel.2017.06.010
Perera, G., Zipser, M., Bonengel, S., Salvenmoser, W., & Bernkop-Schnürch, A. (2015). Development of phosphorylated nanoparticles as zeta potential inverting systems. European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, 97, 250–256. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpb.2015.01.017
Rampino, A., Borgogna, M., Blasi, P., Bellich, B., & Cesàro, A. (2013). Chitosan nanoparticles: Preparation, size evolution and stability. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 455(1–2), 219–228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2013.07.034
Reyer, H., Hawken, R., Murani, E., Ponsuksili, S., & Wimmers, K. (2015). The genetics of feed conversion efficiency traits in a commercial broiler line. Scientific Reports, 5, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep16387
Roberto, J., Souza, R. De, Feitosa, J. P. A., Ricardo, N. M. P. S., Teresa, M., Trevisan, S., … Owen, R. W. (2013). Food Hydrocolloids Spray-drying encapsulation of mangiferin using natural polymers. Food Hydrocolloids, 33(1), 10–18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodhyd.2013.02.017
Sulistyoningsih, M. (2014). Broiler Production Optimization of Percentage of Herbal Supplementation Through and Carcass Blood Tryglyceride Levels. Bioma, 3(1), 78–93.
Sundari, Zuprizal, Yuwanta, T., & Martien, R. (2014). The Effect Nanocapsule of Turmeric Extracts in Rations on Nutrient Digestibility of Broiler Chickens. 16(May), 107–113.
Viola, T. (2016). Compensatory water consumption of broilers submitted to water restriction from 1 to 21 days of age Compensatory Water Consumption of Broilers Submitted to Water Restriction from 1 to 21. (December 2005). https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-635X2005000400008
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan Terapan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.