PENAMBAHAN PREBIOTIK OLIGOFRUKTOSA DAN ENZIM FITASE DARI Aspergillus niger PADA PAKAN YANG MENGANDUNG WHEAT POLLARD TERHADAP PERFORMA BROILER (Addition of Prebiotic Oligofructose and Enzyme Phytase from Aspergillus niger in Feed Containing Wheat Pollard on Performance Broiler)

Suci Wulandari, Dadik Pantaya, Ujang Suryadi

Abstrak

INTISARI

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penambahan prebiotik oligofruktosa dan enzim fitase dalam pakan yang mengandung wheat pollard terhadap performa broiler. Oligofruktosa ditambahkan dalam pakan sebanyak 2 g/kg dan enzim fitase dengan dosis 500 U/kg. Parameter yang diuji adalah performa ayam pedaging. Seratus ayam broiler pada hari 14 sampai 28 dibagi menjadi 5 perlakuan yaitu: pakan dengan penambahan P dari dicalcium phosphate (P1), pakan kontrol (P2), pakan  dengan penambahan  oligofruktosa (P3), pakan dengan penambahan  enzim fitase 2 g/kg dari  Aspergillus niger (P4), dan pakan  dengan campuran penambahan oligofruktosa2 g/kg dan enzim fitase dengan dosis 500 U/kg (P5). Data dianalisis dengan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL), jika terdapat perbedaan dilakukan uji lanjut dilanjutkan dengan Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian pakan yang mengandung P tinggi, penambahan oligofruktosa, pemberian enzim fitase, kombinasi antara oligofruktosa dan enzim fitase menunjukkan peningkatan performa broiler pada pemiliharaan 14 sampai 28 hari.

 

Kata kunci: Enzim Fitase, Performa Broiler, Oligofruktosa, Wheat Pollard

 

 

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to determine the effect of the addition of prebiotic oligofructose and phytase enzymes in feed containing wheat pollard on the performance of broiler. Oligofructose was added in feed 2 g/kg and phytase enzyme dose 500 U/kg. Parameters measured were broiler performance. One hundred broiler on 14 through 28 days were divided into 5 treatments: feed added P from dicalcium phosphate (P1), control feed (P2), feed added oligofructose (P3), feed added 2 g/kg phytase enzyme from Aspergillus niger (P4), and feed added a combination of oligofructose 2 g/kg and phytase enzyme dose of 500 U/g (P5). The data was analyzed to use Completely Randomized Design (CRD), if there was differences in further tests to be followed by Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT). The results showed the feed containing high P, oligofructose addition, phytase enzyme, combination between oligofructose and phytase enzyme showed improvement of broiler performance on 14 to 28 days.  

 

Keywords: Enzyme Phytase, Performance Broiler, Oligofructose, Wheat Pollard

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Referensi

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